by Rhythm Makkar, freelance contributor
Students these days wish to study smart along with studying hard. They hope to make the most of their study time. They also like keeping things fun and light. Here are some tricks from Psychology that can help you learn better!
- State Dependent Recall This is a psychological phenomenon which states that it’s easiest to recall information when you’re in a state similar to the one in which you learned the material. For example, if you’ve been attentive in your classroom, you won’t have much trouble recalling those things while giving an exam in the same classroom.
- Chunking : Learning dates, years, names and full-forms of events can be really difficult for some students. This process of taking individual units of information (chunks) and grouping them into larger units can really help those students. By separating disparate individual elements intro larger blocks, information becomes easier to recall. For example, children are taught to remember the spelling of tomorrow as tom-or-row. Phone numbers are also broken down into chunks and learnt.
- Self-reinforcement : Giving yourself rewards like watching a movie after completing a chapter or going out to get your favorite cheesecake after studying for a class test can really keep you motivated to study. It also makes you learn faster as you’re excited for what comes next!
4. Revision is key : People are advised to practice driving regularly after learning it for the first time. Ever wondered why? This is because of the “use it or lose it” phenomenon of the brain. When we practice something, that particular pathway in our brain gets strengthened and is maintained, while others are eliminated. Spaced Repetition is a learning technique that incorporates increasing intervals of time between subsequent review of previously learnt matter in order to enhance retention.
- Learn in more than one way: Multi Modal learning is a kind of learning in which something is learned in more than one way. This has been proven to make the retrieval of information easier. For example, along with reading the chapter, watching YouTube videos on the same topic will strengthen understanding and therefore the learning.
- Study with pictures: Dual coding is a psychological phenomenon which states the ability of the mind to code a stimulus in two different ways which increases the chance of remembering the information. In simpler words, studying along with pictures will increase your chances of recalling the information as it will be stored not only as words, but also as images in your mind.
- Ask for help: Vygotsky’s theory mentions the importance of working with someone who is more capable than you (in that particular context). This is called the theory of Zone of Proximal Development. This means that individuals need the help of teachers or friends who have a better understanding than them to reach their highest potential. So don’t hesitate to ask for help and grow!
8.Start with small goals:
Achieving goals gives us a sense of confidence which in turn boosts our motivation to perform better. Setting achievable goals will help you stay positive and gradually move towards success. After all, slow and steady wins the race!
- Be regular: Spacing effect is a psychological phenomenon whereby learning is greater when studying is spread out over time, as opposed to studying the same amount of content in a single session. So, it’s better to spend some time studying throughout the semester. This helps in better retention and retrieval of what’s learnt.
- Study more than one subject at once: Another psychological phenomenon known as Interleaving helps improve learning. This includes mixing up different skills in a single study session. This practice is great for long term retention. This is because Interleaving requires you to constantly retrieve information and so you’re able to extract more rules and transfer them to multiple areas of learning. It’s also because in this way, learning becomes more difficult and it’s more effective when it’s challenging. Also, when you mix your study materials, you start to notice both the similarities and the differences among them which gives you a deeper understanding.